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The day following the attack on Pearl Harbor, . President Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed a joint session of Congress, seeking a declaration of war against Japan. In what would become one of his most memorable speeches, Roosevelt declared that Dec. 7, 1941, would be "a date that will live in infamy." Only one legislator, Rep. Jeanette Rankin of Montana, voted against the declaration of war. On Dec. 8, Japan officially declared war against the ., and three days later, Germany followed suit. World War II had begun.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed a joint session of the . Congress on December 8, the day after the crushing attack on Pearl Harbor.
Rather than cow the Americans into submission, the attack — which came before any official declaration of war — had them howling for revenge and uninterested in negotiations.
The Order to attack the United States Pacific Fleet
Attacking the . aircraft on Oahu was an essential component of the Japanese attack plan. If the Japanese were successful in destroying a large portion of the . airplanes, then they could proceed unhindered in the skies above Pearl Harbor. Plus, a counter-attack against the Japanese attack force would be much more unlikely.